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Nepal Information

Geography of Nepal:

Nepal has the location between 80 Degree 4’ and 88 Degree 12’ east longitude and 26 degree 22’ north latitude. Nepal covers a total area of 147181 Sq. Kms according to the government sources. An around 800KM east to west length, around 150KM north to south width makes Nepal, inside which numerous sites, spots are located. A diversity ranging from world’s deepest gorge; the Kaligandaki Gorge to world’s highest mountain Everest, Nepal is covered by the Hills and mountains to its major part. The country is divided into three major parts geographically:

Himalayan Region

Nepal Himalayan region cover almost 15% of the total land. The Region is often called the Mountain region of Nepal which concludes many mountains which are more than 8000 mtrs. Including the world’s highest Mt. Everest. Altitude of the Mountain region ranges from 4800mtrs to 8848 mtrs. Many Ice capped mountains, Barren land which is almost all the year is covered with snow and rocky hills form a mountainous region of Nepal

Hilly Region

This is Major Nepal covering almost 85% of the total land of Nepal which is the biggest region of Nepal. The Nepal hills are mostly covered with green forests which conserve major shrubs useful for medication. From around 60 mtrs from the mean sea level start the Hilly region of Nepal which ranges upto 4875 mtrs bordering the mountainous region to the north while to the southern part, it is touched by the Terai region of Nepal. Mahabharat range is the longest, biggest range of Nepal Hill.

Terai Region

The Terai region of Nepal, which borders Indian plain land to the south and Hills of Nepal to the north covers almost 17 % of the total area of Nepal. The Terai region of Nepal is major cultivating region. Rice, wheat, mustard etc. are the major production of southern Nepal. This region has big and flat lands ideal for harvesting and cultivating crops. The Majority of terai region is also covered by Dence forests.

Festivals of Nepal

Nepal is a diverse country with religious harmony. The country conserves ranging religious people from place to place. There are many ethnic groups in Nepal, the ethnical groups diverse from place to place. Nepal is one of the very few countries in the world with more than 150 days as festivals. Celebration of Goddesses, worship, pray is widely operated in the festivals. The unifier of Nepal, King Prithvi Narayan Shah has said that Nepal is a country of 4 casts and 36 colored people. Hence, there is a variation of people in distance. Below are some of the major festivals of Nepal.

Religion of Nepal

The religion of Nepal varies depending upon the geographical location as well as the ethnics. Nepal used to be once the only Hindu Country of the world before 2006, before the government of Nepal proclaimed Nepal a religiously free country though there are yet most Hindus in the country. Buddhists secure a second position while Kirati, Jain and Islamic people are also in a good number. Geographically, most of the southern Nepalese are Hindus while those in the middle hills are a mixture of Hindus as well as Buddhists. In Kathmandu valley, there is a mixture and religious harmony of most of major religious people. The far northern part of Nepal conserves Buddhist people at the most. Based on much religion, there are many temples, Monasteries, Stupas, Prayer homes throughout the country. The Nepalese incredibly have a religious harmony as compared to any other country of the world with different religion. A better brotherhood between people can be found in here. There is a complex bending of people on religion in Nepal.

History of Nepal

Nepal is one of world’s oldest countries situated on the lap of the Himalayas. Based on its isolated position and relation with its neighbours, India and China, Nepal carries an old history which dates back to centuries ago. Nepal has always remained the few of completely independent countries of the world, never conquered, occupies or governed by any of the world’s power. Although there are saying that Nepal used to be under Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BC or in the Tibetan Empire in the 7th centure BC, there has been a lack of proper evidences. It is proudly one of the great independent countries in the world till date. From the history, it’s always been clear that Nepal has continuously protected its dominion. Migration throughout the world has made this country a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, Multi-lingual country. Predominantly Hindu population of Nepal also has a significant no. of Buddhists scattered throughout the country. Nepal experienced a failed struggle for democracy in the 20th century. During the 1990s and until 2008, the country was in civil strife. A peace treaty was signed in 2008 and elections were held in the same year. The historical election for constitutional assembly ousted the Royal family from its power in 2006 while the Royal household was ousted in 2008 to rename formally the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Helicopter Tour


Nepal Tourism Year 2011